Treatment of Gum Disease in Adults

Nov 26, 2023

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common oral health condition that affects many adults worldwide. It is a bacterial infection that damages the gums and the surrounding tissues supporting the teeth. If left untreated, gum disease can lead to tooth loss and other serious oral health complications. However, with proper treatment and care, gum disease can be effectively controlled and managed.

Understanding Gum Disease

Gum disease occurs when the bacteria in plaque build-up on the teeth and gums. Plaque is a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on the teeth and needs to be removed through regular brushing and flossing. When plaque is not thoroughly removed, it hardens into tartar, which can only be removed by a dental professional.

The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis, characterized by red, swollen gums that may bleed easily. At this stage, gum disease is reversible with professional cleaning and improved oral hygiene practices. However, if left untreated, gingivitis can progress into periodontitis, a more advanced stage of gum disease that can cause irreversible damage to the gums and bone supporting the teeth.

The Importance of Early Detection and Diagnosis

Regular dental check-ups are essential for the early detection and diagnosis of gum disease. Dentists and orthodontists specializing in general dentistry play a crucial role in identifying the signs of gum disease and providing appropriate treatment. They have the knowledge and expertise to perform a comprehensive examination of your gums, teeth, and oral health, ensuring that any signs of gum disease are caught early.

During your dental visit, the dentist will assess the health of your gums by measuring the spaces between your gums and teeth using a thin probe. This process, known as periodontal probing, helps determine the depth of any pockets formed due to gum disease. X-rays may also be taken to evaluate the condition of the bone supporting your teeth.

Treatment Options

Treatment for gum disease varies depending on the severity of the condition. In the early stages, non-surgical treatments are usually recommended:

  • 1. Professional Dental Cleaning: Professional dental cleaning, also known as scaling and root planing, involves removing tartar and plaque buildup from the teeth and below the gum line. This helps to eliminate bacteria and reduce inflammation, allowing the gums to heal.
  • 2. Improved Oral Hygiene: Dentists will provide personalized recommendations on how to improve your oral hygiene routine. This may include proper brushing techniques, flossing, and the use of antibacterial mouthwash. Regular and consistent oral care at home is crucial for controlling gum disease.
  • 3. Antibiotics: In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to reduce bacterial infection and inflammation.

If gum disease has progressed to an advanced stage, surgical treatments may be necessary:

  • 1. Flap Surgery: Flap surgery involves lifting the gums to clean the tartar buildup and repair damaged bone. This procedure helps to reduce pocket depth and create a healthier environment for the gums.
  • 2. Bone Grafting: In cases where the bone supporting the teeth has been damaged by gum disease, bone grafting may be performed to regenerate and rebuild the lost bone tissue.
  • 3. Soft Tissue Grafting: This procedure involves taking tissue from another area of the mouth and attaching it to the affected gum area. It helps to cover exposed tooth roots and reduce further gum recession.

Preventing Gum Disease

Prevention is always better than treatment when it comes to gum disease. Here are some essential steps you can take to maintain healthy gums:

  • 1. Brush and Floss Regularly: Brush your teeth at least twice a day using fluoride toothpaste and floss daily to remove plaque and food particles from between your teeth.
  • 2. Maintain a Healthy Diet: Eat a well-balanced diet that is low in sugary and starchy foods. Avoid snacking throughout the day, as it promotes bacterial growth.
  • 3. Quit Smoking: Smoking increases the risk of gum disease and reduces the effectiveness of treatment.
  • 4. Visit your Dentist Regularly: Schedule regular dental check-ups and professional cleanings to detect and address gum disease at its earliest stages.

Teeth At Tiong Bahru - Your Trusted Oral Health Partner

At Teeth At Tiong Bahru, we understand the importance of maintaining healthy gums and overall oral health. Our skilled dentists and orthodontists specialize in providing exceptional general dentistry services, including the treatment of gum disease in adults.

With our state-of-the-art facilities and a dedicated team, we are committed to delivering personalized, high-quality dental care. We offer comprehensive examinations, early detection, and a range of effective treatment options to ensure the best possible outcome for our patients.

Don't let gum disease compromise your beautiful smile and oral health. Contact Teeth At Tiong Bahru today to schedule an appointment and take proactive steps towards treating and preventing gum disease. Let us be your partner in achieving optimal oral health!